Loi n° 15/ du 1eraoût portant modalités d’application des droits de la femme . des listes électorales dans les conditions prévues par la Loi électorale. PACEC: Projet d’appui au processus électoral en RDC .. o La loi n°15/ du 12 février , valant loi électorale, modifiant et. 28 juil. Conformément à l’article de la loi électorale en vigueur en , la caution était payée par liste et non par siège au montant de FC.
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DR Congo’s Electoral Law for Choosing Continuity | Crisis Group
On the other hand, some regional leaders may regard Bemba warily, given his mixed record in the region. Ideally, of course, Kabila will step aside and permit opposition leaders to run.
His likely re-entry into Congolese politics will shake up the campaign ahead of elections slated for December Hide Footnote electoral disputes fall under the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court for presidential and legislative elections, the Administrative Court of Appeals for provincial elections, and the Administrative Tribunal for urban, communal and local elections.
Parliament took three months of debate to reject most of the amendments proposed by the ruling party PPRD. How to Get U. Deputies will convene for an extraordinary session in July and the senators will meet in August to finalise the annexes to the electoral law, which include determining electoral districts.
Hide Footnote However, as yet these courts have not been created. Another close Katumbi ally, former rebel leader Mbusa Nyamwisi, also has a difficult past with Bemba — they were on opposing sides in a bloody war in the north east in and While the AMP was an alliance of parties on a pretty equal footing, the PM is structured around the PPRD and only political parties with a national representation can belong to it. Why does it matter? Bemba found refuge at the South African embassy and negotiated his departure to exile in Portugal in April.
Bemba also has a strong national stature and is as well placed as Katumbi to attract allies and position himself at the centre of a countrywide coalition. Hide Footnote — and, in some cases, of losing their seats — deputies rejected the proposed bill on 11 May with votes, against only 23 who favoured the bill and 12 who abstained.
The text presented by Tunda Yakasendwe, national deputy for the PPRD, offered significant modifications to the Congolese electoral system, starting with the voting system.
The court thus called a status conference in his case on 12 June, and provisionally released him until his final sentence is decided on 4 July For now, it appears highly likely that he will rejoin the political fray: Hide Footnote As in some other African countries, [fn] From South Africa to Chad, attempts at politicizing traditional chieftains by political powers are numerous.
Hide Footnote was only included as a desired condition, rather than a legal requirement for electoral lists, as requested by some parties. On 15 June the Congolese Parliament adopted, after nearly three months of debate, the new electoral law. Hide Footnote imposing significantly more restrictive financial barriers on eligibility.
Parliamentarians sought to maintain an electoral landscape as open as it was inwhen some 10, candidates competed as national candidates and about 14, for provincial office. From his cell in The Hague, Bemba kept tight control over the party but there is little doubt it would have suffered further losses in the forthcoming elections without his release. The adoption of the electoral law by both houses of the national assembly does not signify that the legal framework for elections is complete.
A return to custody appears unlikely, and even were that to happen and Bemba to serve the maximum sentence, he would be out in time to participate in the electoral campaign, which starts 22 November Bemba has the profile to mount a serious bid for top office.
The situation remains fluid, but thus far two opposition blocs are emerging through a process of slow negotiation.
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On this important point, the recommendations of the European Union electorlae not been heeded by the Congolese legislature. International actors need to maintain pressure for elections at the end of without Kabila. That could electroale if they rally around Bemba. This would increase prospects of an opposition vote splintered among different major candidates, each largely relying of votes from their respective regional strongholds.
Although rejecting major changes, the legislature nevertheless introduced several innovations to the new electoral law: Hide Footnote Kinshasa is currently a bastion of the opposition, but this new division would have created several districts in the capital favouring the ruling party or its allies.
Paradoxically, changing the electoral law has been more difficult than changing the constitution. Hide Footnote rumours that the proposed electoral law would seek to exclude certain candidates on the basis of their age, residency or tax returns were persistent.
Who is Jean-Pierre Bemba?
Media and Elections
Chiefs can no longer undertake two consecutive mandates and cannot belong to provincial assemblies if they are already members of political parties.
If the vote is any guide, Bemba could expect to gather strong support. Managers of combined companies state and private are, however, permitted to run. Hide Footnote Crucially, voter registration influences the political weight of provinces, given that the number of seats per province is determined by their numbers of voters. He scored strongly in the west, north, Kasai and Kinshasa. The ruling party expected the legislature to take only a few days to rubber stamp its changes, elctorale instead parliamentarians spent three months over the bill, during which they amended it extensively.
The text adopted by both houses on 15 June rejected several proposed changes, preserved others, but on the whole returned tdc the system used for the polls. Which opposition leaders will be able to run? For President Kabila, whose attempts to retain power face stiff domestic and international opposition — or for a successor Kabila anoints — Bemba represents a threat. Bemba has yet to announce his next steps, but on 9 June, a day after his acquittal, the MLC announced the organisation of a party congress on 12 and 13 July.
He has a functioning but divided party and lacks the resources to wage a nationwide campaign. Perhaps most important, it proposed changes to the way in which deputies are elected.
RDC: le projet de loi électorale enfin voté
In short, there are multiple possibilities countrywide for unscrupulous politicians to play communities against one another. But shorn of its figurehead, his party haemorrhaged support, losing 42 of its 64 seats in elecctorale in the elections.
It is unclear at present how a Bemba bid for the presidency would sit with regional leaders.