Kamini is a U fuelled, 30 kWt low power research reactor located in the post of the reactor was jointly carried out by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. KAMINI (Kalpakkam Mini reactor) is a Uranium fueled, low power (30 kW) research reactor designed and built jointly by the Bhabha Atomic Research. Kamini (Kalpakkam Mini) reactor is a Uranium fueled, demineralized light water moderated and cooled, beryllium oxide reflected, low power nuclear.

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These plates are provided with gravity drop mechanism for rapid shutdown of the reactor.

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reacttor the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

Start up and regulation of the reactor is done by adjusting the positions of two safety control plates made of Cadmium which is sandwiched in Aluminium. The reactor first went critical reacctor October and reached full power operation in September The research reactor is used in neutron radiography of radioactive and non-radioactive objects.

Cadmium is used for the reactor’s absorber. Cooling of the reactor core is by natural convection with demineralized water serving as a moderator and coolant. Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu Subordinate To: View All India Facilities.


A waste disposal system is provided for collection and disposal of radioactive effluents when required. The reactor’s reflector consists of beryllium oxide encased in zircaloy.

Kalpakkam Mini Reactor

The plates are assembled in an aluminium casing to form the fuel subassemblies. The reactor fuel is an kaminl of Uranium and Aluminium in the form of flat plates.

Facility is available for cooling this water using a heat exchanger to maintain the water temperature at a steady value when the reactor is operated for long durations at higher powers. September 1, Other Name: Cooling of the reactor core is by natural convection.

The reflector consists of modules of Beryllium oxide encased in Zircaloy sheath. Provision is available for closed loop servocontrol to operate the reactor at different power levels by adjusting the position of the safety control plate.

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Demineralized light water is used as moderator, coolant as well as shield. An online demineralizer plant maintains the water quality so that corrosion rate and radioactivity level in water are low. IGCAR conducts research on the reprocessing of U from irradiated thorium for the use of U as the primary fuel in India’s nuclear program.


The location of the reactor in the post irradiation examination facility enables carrying out neutron radiography of spent fuel and other radioactive objects discharged from the neighbouring Fast Breeder Test Reactor without the need to transport radioactive material over long distances. Kamini Kalpakkam Mini reactor is a Uranium fueled, demineralized light water moderated and cooled, beryllium oxide reflected, low power nuclear research reactor located in the post irradiation examination facility of Radio Metallurgy Laboratory, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India.

KAMINI fuel – Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC)

Facilities are also available in the reactor for carrying out radiation physics research, irradiation of larger samples and calibration and testing of neutron detectors. These modules are assembled to surround the kammini.

One of the purposes for its construction was to examine irradiated fuel pins from the Fast Breeder Test Reactor. This reactor functions as a neutron source with a flux of n cm-2 s-1 at core centre and facilitates carrying out neutron radiography of radioactive and non-radioactive objects and neutron activation analysis.

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