HOLOTHURIA ATRA PDF

HOLOTHURIA ATRA PDF

Holothoria atra, is a holothurian of order Aspidochirotes belonging to the family Description a Sea Cucumber Species Holothuria atra Jaeger, from. Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Holothuria atra AquaMaps Data. Holothuria (Holothuria) atra Jaeger, AphiaID. (urn:lsid: :taxname). Classification. Biota; Animalia.

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SJG-1 holofhuria neuritogenic activity towards the rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 cells in the presence of nerve growth factor Kaneko et al. The anus is terminal. Holothuria atra Common name: Similarly the inhibitory action of extracts were found against the HSV-1 and HSV-2 strains was analyzed by plaque reduction assay.

The active fractions obtained from column chromatography were analysed for Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy NMR analysis. The sea cucumber Telenata ananas derived bioactive compounds were reported to act as the chemokine receptor subtype-5 CCR5 with possible anti-HIV activity Hegde et al.

The antiviral activity was defined as the percentage of plaque inhibition as follows: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Additionally, a cerebroside isolated from the sea cucumber Stichopus japonicas showed effective antitumor activity Hayashi holothyria al.

Views Read Edit View history. Shallow-water populations are denser and composed of smaller individuals, which reproduce mostly by transversal fission, while populations in deeper waters with larger and more atea individuals reproduce sexually. The biologically active compounds were extracted as a function of their polarity using water and organic solvents. Sterilized filter paper discs Whatman no.

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Inhibitory action of Holothuria atra extracts against HSV strains -? The column was packed with silica gel.

A constriction appears, becomes deeper and deeper and after some time the integument separates leaving two relatively wide but short individuals. The species is fished in some parts of its range, but the processed product is of low commercial value. A total of 59 natural compounds were identified from the extracts of sea cucumber H.

Prior to incubation, an overlay medium comprising of 0.

Lissocarcinus orbicularisa small crab, is known to live on this species in a commensal relationship. Column chromatography Silica mesh gel slurry was prepared using methanol. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

The mouth is ventral and is surrounded by 20 black branched tentacles.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

A review of the family Holothuriidae Holothurioidea Aspidochirotida. The plaques were counted by visual examination and the percentage of plaque inhibition was calculated.

Then it was centrifuged at rpm for 15 min. Received Jul 30; Accepted Oct Holothuria atra Jaeger, [2]. The online version of this article doi: Holothuria atracommonly known as the black sea cucumber or lollyfish holothuira, is a species of marine invertebrate in the family Holothuriidae.

The strong growth inhibitory activity found in the extract of Holothuria atra might be the source for the development of antiherpetic compound.

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Lollyfish Sea Cucumber (Holothuria atra) ยท

It was placed in the subgenus Halodeima by Pearson inmaking its full scientific name Holothuria Halodeima atra. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful and thankful to Dr. W 1 Ethane 11dichloro CAS 11dichloro ethane. Holothuria atra is an omnivoresifting through the sediment with its tentacles and feeding on detritus and other organic matter.

Free sterol compositions from the sea cucumbers Pseudostichopus trachus, Holothuria Microtele nobilis, Holothuria scabra, Trochostoma orientale and Bathyplotes natans. Percentage cell inhibition and characterization of cell line exposed to Holothuria atra using tryphan blue. Angiogenesis inhibitors and aromatase inhibitors present in sea cucumbers play a major role in reducing the growth of breast cancer and prostate cancers, especially the solid tumors.

Some holothurians from Guam and vicinity.

Holothuria atra

Introduction The marine holothurians are spiny skinned invertebrates, which form important commercial group among the echinoderms. No Name of the compound Molecular formula M. Triterpene glycosides, namely holothurinosides A, B, C and D as well as desholothurin A from sea cucumber Holothuria forskalihave considerable antitumour activity against P cell lines.

Marine pharmacology in Being an essential dye, Tryphan blue was used in estimating the number of viable cells present in a population.

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