: Hjortspring: A Pre-Roman Iron Age Warship in Context (Ships & Boats of the North): Never used!. Hjortspring. A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. Ole Crumlin-Pedersen, Athena Trakadas (Eds.) Ships and Boats of the North, Vol. 5. pages. Research Papers · PAST · Book Reviews. Links. Notes for Contributors. Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. website design by TINY v .

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The historical background of the find was analysed by a group in the guild who iron-ags, among other subjects, the topographical conditions necessary for a fleet of Hjortspring-type boats to land on the island. Intrials were held for three days with a scratch crew of untrained paddlers from Roskilde and Als with a view to getting to know the vessel better. New floor-timbers possibly copied from the exposed floor-timbers were inserted on the keel in between coontext two hull parts, and the structure was covered with oak planks from stem to stern.

The owners of these large cargo ships must have been as outstanding in wealth and social rank as their ships were outstanding in size. The holes in the cleats are triangular or trapezoid, with sides of about 2 cm. A double measurement was also made of the flexibility of the hull under lateral tension on the top of one of the stems.

From the extent of this area, it is estimated that there were a minimum of chain mail coats originally deposited in the bog. The problems involved with the care of the ships in the museum, and their long-term preservation are also discussed in relation to the experience gained this far.

This dating harmonizes well with the paleobotanical results, where the earliest peat is now dated to 20 B. The present era of European integration and modernisation offers unprecedented potential for both preservation as well as destruction of heritage.

Formats and Editions of Hjortspring : a Pre-Roman Iron-Age warship in context []

The growth rings, for example on the piece a Fig. Views Read Edit View history. The thickness is the same as a-babout 1. Separate different wwarship with a comma. These regions in the southern Baltic must have taken part in iron-ahe political and military development or process that points forward towards increasingly larger political jjortspring. It was possible to establish that all four of the shipwrecks studied belonged to a shell-based tradition, in which the shipbuilders were able to form the shape of the hull before inserting frames, contrasting with the skeleton-based approach in which a set of pre-defined and pre-erected frames are subsequently covered with iron-wge.

Under sail with a favourable wind, however, the Viking ship has better results — and without even tiring the crew. On the piece i found in autumnthe tool marks on both the inside and the outside are remarkably well preserved. Login to add to list. These online bookshops told us they have this item: After its conversion, the vessel changed character.


Firstly, the preserved wreck parts are presented and a possible dating and origin of the wreck is attempted. Around and about BC the rock-carvings thus brought the earlier cultic elements, the ship and the horse, together in a new, secular, warlike context.

As preparation for building parts of the boat, various cords from linden-bast were produced and the tensile strength tested. The change in the shape of ships coincided with a number of basic changes in society around warwhip year BC in north-western Europe, Denmark and in the other southern and central parts of Scandinavia.

The swords from Hjortspring are the oldest of their type known from Scandinavia and their shapes suggest that there were as yet no standard dimensions for this type of weapon within the Baltic area. The body of the dead person was apparently also subjected to similar destruction. Thus, the study continues to concentrate on the warhip of, and evidence for, large cargo vessels in Danish waters before Chapter 4.

In the course of the investigation inRosenberg excavated large amounts of weapons of iron and bone, as hjortpsring as shields and other wooden equipment. Some stronger theoretical discussion and interpretation could have balanced the rather functionalist focus of the boat reconstruction chapters. This was not done during the construction of the original boat, but hortspring necessary in order hjortsrping make an exact copy of the shape of the original. As Skuldelev 2 was built in and repaired after the middle of the s in the Irish Sea region, and sank in Roskilde Fjord in the s, the possibility exists that this longship wafship the one in which Harold’s sons and daughter travelled from Dublin to Roskilde on a diplomatic mission inwith a view to restoring Danish or Anglo-Saxon rule in England by a co-ordinated military operation.

The extant archaeological source material reveals several possibilities for the origin of the mobile, attacking army to be in the northern German or southern Scandinavian area.

In one case, the horses have been carved on top of the depiction of a ship. In the Celtic areas north of warhip Alps, the sword was practically abandoned about BC. This feature would also be open for further questions related to the early examples of hull protection of ocean-going vessels.

More contemporary to but just post-dating the Hjortspring find are Celtic weapon-sacrifice sites that represent depositional activity that began about BC.

The two sets of measurements, however, were the same within a margin of 10 mm.

The dendrochronological analyses date the building of the vessel to ca. Eight bayonet-like spears and three spearheads of particularly large dimensions, which were presumably symbols of military authority, would also have belonged to this group. These uncertainties have arisen not least because of ship finds from the Viking Age, and other Viking-Age finds, which have come to light later, as well as important new work on early find complexes such as the Sutton Hoo ship-grave in England, Oseberg and Borre in Norway, and also the development of pre-romzn concepts such as boat-grave customs and recent methods of analysis.


Measurements of speed over distances of 1, m and m with a flying start gave speeds of 3. Large, purpose-built cargo vessels.

It was re-built ca. Lists What are lists?

Ships and Boats of the North – Vikingeskibsmuseet Roskilde

Considering the vast resources needed for the building and equipping of large cargo ships, one may assume that these vessels were specifically designed for trade, primarily with bulk cargo, and that they were owned by rich merchants or by important members of the nobility or the clergy.

The thickness varies between 1. The grave, which is situated in an ordinary burial site from the Viking Age, contains an abundance of grave-goods consisting of both objects and animals, and it was previously dated to the first half of the 10th century on the basis of the find of a gilded link of bronze for a dog-harness decorated in Jelling style.

Over shorter distances, speeds varying between 7. The Tilia Alsie is a reconstruction, specific to the Hjortspring find; although given the limited excavated remains and the consequently complex reconstruction techniques employed, it may fall between the two categories.

Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context

The central bottom strake extended from both ends of the boat proper, forming sturdy, upwards-turning horns with oval cross-sections.

However, the 19m plank-built boat, part of the Hjortspring find excavated by Gustav Rosenberg in the s, is a remarkable find. Although the board is badly decayed, it is possible to see that the cross section is an elongated rectangle. Of the original 12 tons of wood acquired for the building process, 0. Around there seems to have been a period of famine conhext Norway and there would have been a strong need for ships like this to pick up food supplies in Denmark.

In particular, although Ole Crumlin-Pedersen re-explores his original suggestion that the horns of the Hjortspring boat could have been a remnant of a skin-boat hjorstpring Crumlin-Pedersen in the light of subsequent discussion, there is a sense that he is going over old material.

Large cargo vessels are expensive to build and operate, but irin-age they are used efficiently, their large cargo capacity can be a very profitable source of hjortsprinb for their owners.