Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Brazil; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominica; . American Oystercatcher – Haematopus palliatus. American Golden Plover Characteristics Range Habitat Diet Life Cycle Behavior. Adult Description. Large shorebird. Black head. Large red bill. Back brown. Underside white. Stout legs, dull pink. Bold white stripe in wings and white rump .

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American Oystercatcher – Haematopus palliatus – NatureWorks

The American oystercatcher is found on rocky and sandy beaches, on mudflats, and on the edges of salt marshes. While the American oystercatcher is not haeamtopus as a federally threatened or endangered species, it is vulnerable to loss of habitat due to development on the coasts where it breeds and winters. The American oystercatcher breeds from April-July.


The female oystercatcher lays two to four eggs in a shallow depression lined with pieces of shell in a sandy dune or a on a salt marsh island. Both the male and the female incubate the eggs for days. Both parents care for the chicks.

The chicks fledge when they are days old, but their parents continue to care for them for another month. The American oystercatcher first breeds when it is three or four years old.

It is haaematopus in length. It has long pink legs and a long, bright reddish-orange bill. It has black feathers on top and white feathers on its underside and rump.

It has a large white stripe on its wings that is visible when it is in flight. Its eyes are yellow with an orange ring around them. Males and females look alike.

American oystercatcher

It winters from New Jersey south to South America. Diet The American oystercatcher uses its long bill to pry open mussels, oysters, and other bivalves. They snap the adductor muscles of the bivalves with their long bill so the shell can’t close up.


The American oystercatcher also eats barnacles, haematopux, crabs, and jellyfish.

American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) :: xeno-canto

It forages in shallow water by paliatus its bill in the mud and probing for food. Behavior American oystercatchers don’t live in colonies, but they do gather in large groups before migrating.

Destination Conservation Battle for the Elephants E. American Oystercatcher – Haematopus palliatus. Characteristics The American oystercatcher is a large shorebird.