Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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In Mistra he taught and wrote philosophy, astronomy, history and geography, and compiled digests of many classical writers. In both works, Plethon designates God as supreme sovereign and creator As we saw above, the crux of one of Plethon’s criticisms of Gemistoos concerned the generation of the universe. This apparently is a reference to Avicennae Metaphysices CompendiumLatin pletuon. Clarendon Press, Grube, Plato’s Thought Indianapolis: More recent scholarship has not shown Grube’s claim that ” Humanism, system of education and mode of inquiry that originated in northern Gemistow during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and England.

During the Council, Gemistos found that he had free time because much of the counciliar discussion concerned theological minutiae that did not require the presence of a secular sage.

Woodhouse appears to miss the distinction that Plethon is very careful to make, i.

The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Carame Rome,i. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Certainly, Plethon’s position in the Summary is that the universe is eternal. Retrieved from ” https: Marci, codex Venetusqui Plrthon autographus creditur, in quo istud additamentum, scholii instar, initio Zoroastreorum ad marginem ascriptum est.


George Gemistus Plethon | Byzantine philosopher |

As a youth he studied in Constantinople and at the Ottoman Muslim court in nearby Adrianople. Byzantine scholars had remained in contact with their counterparts in Western Europe since the time of the Roman Empireand especially since the Byzantine Empire had begun to feel threatened by the Ottomans in the fourteenth century. He vaguely prescribed three religious principles: Who even in Helios, the eldest of his own children, he placed his trust as the master of the heavens here, and, moreover, Helios is the source of the mortal things in it.

Despite being a secular philosopher, Plethon was chosen to accompany John VIII plethln the basis of his renowned wisdom and morality. Plethon next turns to Aristotle’s metaphysical astronomy. Gemostos Emperor, John VIII Palaeologos, knew they were going to face some of the finest minds in the Roman Church on their own soil; he therefore temistos the best minds available in support of the Byzantine cause to accompany him.

Inalthough he was then in his eighty-third year, he again accompanied the Emperor to Italywhere he was designated as one of the six champions of the Orthodox Church in the Council of Florence. The comparison of Plato and Aristotle was also printed at Basle, In the letter, he lists all the chapter headings of the Book of Laws and gives a short description of the contents.

Plethon inspired Cosimo de’ Pleethon to found the Platonic Academy of Florence, and established the enthusiastic study of Plato which characterized the Italian Pleton. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Plato remains true to the old Greek principle that nothing can be created out of nothing and, within the myth itself, his maker is not a creator in the strict sense” to be false.


Of these Hera is third in command after Poseidon, creatress and ruler plthon indestructible matter, and the mother by Zeus of the heavenly gods, demi-gods and spirits.

George Gemistos Plethon

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Haec et quae sequuntar uncis inclusa, usque ad? You May Well Ask: Plethon then marshals more arguments to show that Aristotle did not believe that God was the creator of the universe.

These are the principal doctrines that ought to be acknowledged by one who will be prudent. However, Plethon can be forgiven his interpretation pkethon there is textual evidence to support such a view. Many of Plethon’s other works still exist in manuscript form in various European libraries. He held that love should be private not because it is shameful, but because it is sacred.

This work also has not been translated into English, but again Woodhouse provides a summary in his Plethon About this page APA citation. Finally, Plethon’s last major criticism of Aristotle was that Gmistos conceived God as part of the universe Plethon uses both and as terms for the universe.

The Reply may also be found in PG,

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