To be able to create animated visual transitions between Web pages. To be able to modify filters dynamically, using DHTML. Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights. DHTML Filter Session There are two types of filters: visual filter and transitions. A visual filter affects the appearance of the content. greater variety of special effects. To be able to create animated visual transitions between Web pages. To be able to modify filters dynamically, using DHTML.

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Invert effect is used to map the colors of the object to their opposite values in the color spectrum, i. Clicking the button runs the doTrans script, which calls the apply method on djtml Blinds transition to stop painting the image. Dhtkl filters collection is available on every object to provide access to the individual filters of each object.

For complex filter manipulation, you must keep track of the current states of the filter collections. Positive integers move the drop shadow to the right, negative integers move the drop shadow to the left.

Dynamic HTML: Filters and Transitions

For better or worse, many HTML authors do not use scripting. The default traneitions is left. For example, if you apply a Glow filter to an object’s text without a margin, the object boundary clips some of the glow effect if the text is next to the boundary.

You can use timers to create cyclical effects. Another benefit of filters is that they are easier cilters author and can be applied to entire classes of elements, because they use the declarative and inherited syntax of CSS. Static visual filters affect the display of content, while transitions affect the way content changes in an object are displayed.

Four events can create instances of interpage transitions: In this chapter, we will see the details of each CSS filter. These uses include simply applying a filter to an object to create a nonchanging effect, such as a drop shadow behind text. The Alpha Channel filter alters the opacity of the object, which makes it blend into the background.


For more information, see Archived Content. tranzitions

By adding an onfilterchange event handler to capture the completion of one transition, you can chain transitions together fklters they fillters one after another.

Grayscale effect is used to convert the colors of the object to shades of gray. To ensure updates are performed for each cycle of the script, use an onfilterchange event handler to delay changes in opacity until the browser has rendered the last update. Each filter can have a set of optional parameters that define the nature of the effect, such as color or duration. Opacity is expressed as a percentage.

Transitions have methods and events to manage the timing of the effect. Click to view sample. If true, all opaque pixels of the object have a dropshadow.

CSS Filters Text and Image Effects

Glow effect is used to create a glow around the object. You can also apply transitions to make an object fade in or fade out by changing the visibility property. Mask effect is used to turn fjlters pixels to a specified color and makes opaque pixels transparent. The default is true.

Processing time is required to calculate the display of filter effects, and some effects require more time than others to apply. An object’s boundary can be clipped when it is set too close to the filtered content. Flip effect is used to create a mirror image of the object. The script then sets an alternative image and calls the play method on the filter to proceed with the transition. Like other object model collections, the filters collection supports several kinds of access.

However, the object that the filter is applied to must have layout before the filter effect will display. For information, recommendations, and guidance regarding the current version of Windows Internet Explorer, see Internet Explorer Developer Center.


Text with no background color or image automatically has transparency; the space around the characters shows through to the object or page behind it. One example is changing the src attribute of an image to display a new image on-screen.

Like other objects, they expose properties and methods for changing their internal state.

At any time, the script can terminate the transition by calling the stop method. One way to avoid this is to apply the filter to a DIV that contains all trxnsitions the elements of the document. It is important to consider performance when designing Web pages with filters.

It also avoids future name clashes with other CSS parsers. Combining filters and transitions enables you to create complex, interactive, and compelling visual designs.

This example also demonstrates the difference between asynchronous and synchronous changes. You can also apply a filter to the BODY element. A transition provides an animated effect to display the new image.

The -ms-filter Attribute is an extension to CSS. You can use transitions in transituons static and dynamic Web pages.

You can use the onfilterchange event to coordinate moving or resizing the content. The collection can be accessed like any other object model collection. The following example shows how you can znd the MaskFilter filter with a series of style changes. The Light filter is a complex visual filter.

Even when dynamically adding filters, in most cases you should add the filter to the initial filter declaration in the object’s style sheet with the Enabled property set to false. It is useless to try to apply and change a filter on an object before the browser can even render it. Number of pixels the drop shadow is offset from the visual object, along the y-axis.