Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric by selecting your choice in the pull-down menu next to each item. After you make. Definition of Exophoric from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English. Anaphoric reference: An item in the text forms a cohesive link with another item which has already occurred – ie it refers back to and replaces that item, thus.

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What is cataphoric reference? This semantics article is a stub.

Her refers to my mother. It is unclear what your text is.

Exophora – Wikipedia

Cataphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned later in the refreence. Many exophoric pronouns are deictic, but not all.

What is anaphoric reference? What’s not clear from your example is what texts – question? Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: The object felt heavy in his hands. In pragmaticsexophora is reference to something extralinguistic, i.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing –

And if “John” is mentioned later, “he” will be cataphoric reference. Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence.


It also refers to something that both speakers know about perhaps the dinner. If it referred to scientists who did the research and wrote the paper and therefore are referenced in itit is endophoric. In other words they must be deduced by context.

Maruco Safi 1 1. But John does appear in the text. Sign up using Email and Password.

It is anaphoric reference because “he” refers to “John” which is mentioned earlier in the discourse. Retrieved from ” https: Because there are many Queens throughout the world, the refersnce of the speaker provides the extra information that allows an individual Queen to be identified.

The pronoun is referring back to something. Sign up using Facebook. I have been reading about errors with exophoric pronoun references the paper was mostly aimed at preparing one for a reffrence standardized testand found the author saying “In the context of this test, exophoric pronouns are always incorrect.

Can you give an example of refersnce exophoric pronoun that is not deictic? It looks very natural to me, but I think that’s because in my native tongue such a reference is acceptable “he” is exophoric here, am I right? The way in which, by different procedures, a whole text is considered as such refefence the sentence in the text are considered as linked.


They refers to some people outside the discourse known to both speakers. The interpretation would be “those plants there, in front of us”. StoneyB- actually I think ‘her’ is exophoric with respect to your quoted text.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing

In the case of the above sentence, “He” is a personal pronoun refers back to “John” so that it is Anaphoric reference. Tom was saying that he was going exiphoric the movies. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. In your example, the pronoun “he” that begins the second sentence is not exophoric. Anaphoric reference often makes use of the definite article thebecause one of the functions of the definite article is to indicate that something has already been mentioned.

For ‘That is a really big chair’ in text, ‘that’ has no possible -physical- referent.