El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts were images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at through introspection.

July Learn how and when to remove this template message. The subject would be instructed not to report the name of the object pencil because that did not describe the raw data of what the subject was experiencing.

Behavioristsspecifically methodological behaviorists, fully rejected even the idea of the conscious experience as a worthy topic in psychology, since they believed that the subject matter of scientific psychology should be strictly operationalized in an objective and measurable way. Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like chemists classify the elements of natureinto the nature. Titchener said that only observable events constituted that science and that any speculation concerning unobservable events have no place in society this view was similar to the one expressed by Ernst Mach.

Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Wundtis credited for the theory of structuralism.

Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

Retrieved November 11, Titchener believed the mind was the accumulated experience of a lifetime. One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology. Psychology the Science of Behaviour.

Wundt believes this type of introspection to be acceptable since it uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal fstructuralismo more precise. Researchers are still working to offer objective experimental approaches to measuring conscious experience, in particular within the field of cognitive psychology and is in estrjcturalismo ways carrying on the torch of Titchener’s ideas.


In particular, Titchener was interested in the relationship between the conscious experience and the physical processes. Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener. Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics of mental events.

Views Read Edit View history. The Titcyener of Human Thought. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He concluded from his research that there were three types of mental elements constituting conscious experience: Proponents argue that psychology can still gain useful information from using introspection in this case.

In his book, Systematic PsychologyTitchener wrote:. Structuralism as a school of psychology seeks to analyze the adult mind the total sum of experience from birth to the present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find how these components fit together to form more complex experiences as well as how they correlate to physical events.

Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending on who was using it and what they were seeking. It is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5].

Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

This simply means that the complex perceptions can be raised through basic sensory information. The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology Because he was a student of Wilhelm Wundt at the University of LeipzigTitchener’s ideas on how the mind worked were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of voluntarism j his ideas of association and apperception the passive and active combinations of elements of consciousness respectively.

His conclusions were largely based on ideas of associationism. For instance, structuralism did not concern itself with the study of animal behaviorand personality.

The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience. Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. To do this, psychologists employ introspection, self-reports of sensations, views, feelings, emotions, etc. Both sensations and images contained all of these qualities; however, affections were lacking in both clearness and extensity.

Retrieved from ” https: Structuralism has estructuralismmo a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of observation.


Titchener himself was criticized for not using his psychology to help answer practical problems. The reason for this confusion lies in the translation of Wundt’s writings. Structuralism also believes that the mind could be dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious wunct.

When Titchener brought his theory to Americahe also brought with him Wundt’s work. Wundt makes a clear distinction between pure titchene, which is the relatively unstructured self-observation used by earlier philosophers, and experimental introspection.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. Titchener translated these works for the American audience, and in so doing misinterpreted Wundt’s meaning. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Estructuralisjo. It is working on the same type of issues such as sensations and perceptions. This theory was challenged in the 20th century.

However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken wundtt refer to psychophysical methods. Once Titchener identified the elements of mind and their interaction, his theory then asked the esturcturalismo of why the elements interact in the way they do. It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy.

Besides theoretical attacks, structuralism was criticized for excluding and ignoring important developments happening outside of structuralism. The subject would then report the characteristics of that pencil color, length, etc.

These elements could ticthener broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand extensity. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Instead, Titchener was interested in seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues.

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