THIERRY BALZACQ. Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium and Sciences Po Paris, France. The prime claim of the theory of securitization is that the. theory, showing the existence of multiple audiences in empirical cases and Consequently, for Balzacq securitization is “a sustained strategic. Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security Thierry Balzacq is holder of the Tocqueville Chair on Security.

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Although manipulation checks should ideally be used for every independent variable being manipulated in an experiment, this becomes especially important when varying emotional exposure.

Specific areas in which experiments could help clarify securitization causal pathways and transcend findings arrived through case study work include asking the following: However, if securitization is meant to refer to any construction of threats, what then is left of its theoretical identity?

Researchers should strive to work with samples that are as representative as possible of the broader general population of interest and conduct demographic checks to assess whether or not key demographic variables are distributed similarly across the sample of experimental participants and the broader population encompassed by the theory. As for the former, an experiment could, for example, study the effects of certain securitizing moves on the emotional polarization seckritization key constituent groups.

Seen from this angle, the terrain to cover remains incredibly vast and potentially rich. Experiments are a useful tool to examine public reactions to elite discourses ,and as such, they could help understand balzzacq processes through which issues as varied as immigration, climate change, or theoy come to be perceived by the public as security threats and thereby moved outside the realm of regular politics in order to be dealt with through extraordinary measures.

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Securitization (international relations)

Perhaps, the past offers a glimpse of what the future might bring. As opposed to a within-groups experiment that could, for instance, expose each individual participant first to an audio manipulation, securigization a video one, and then a text one. There’s a problem loading this menu right now.


Inspired by valuable contributions offered by recent and rare quantitative contributions to the securitization debate Vultee; Karyotis and Patrikios ; Lahav and Courtemanche ; Baele and Sterckwe propose to move forward in a constructive way following recent calls for more methodological pluralism and quantitative-qualitative dialogue in constructivist international relations and critical security studies e.

Other editions – View all Securitization Theory: Or do different styles of securitizing speeches for instance, highly emotional versus highly rational elicit different levels of support? Search all titles Search all collections. First, it would help mitigate two longstanding methodological shortcomings of securitization research: As originally envisioned by the Copenhagen School, securitizing moves contain a performative element of promise —chiefly the promise that the threat under consideration is going to be addressed strongly and urgently with extraordinary policies.

The philosophical model covers what is known under the name of the Copenhagen School though some scholars within that School have developed a distinctive take on securitization. Of course, there have been discussions on the responsibility of speaking or writing security Edited By Thierry Balzacq. Experiments provide us with the opportunity to both zoom into the effects of particular variables in each of these areas, as well as to examine interactions that take place between these three different levels.

Securitization is a process-oriented conception of security, which stands in contrast to materialist approaches of classical security studies. My interest is in understanding the extent to which securitization establishes a collective agency.

Securitization Theory | How Security Problems Emerge and Dissolve | Taylor & Francis Group

A new framework for securitization analysis. How Images Make World Politics: For example, given the relative novelty of the recent Brexit referendum and that supporters of both the leave and remaining camps did not follow clear party lines, Thomson et al. This is particularly important when investigating what type of securitizing moves are successful as individuals might not consciously recognize that an issue has been securitized or openly admit that they accept a securitizing move, even though subtle corporal reactions would suggest otherwise.

On context, see Salter, Mark B. Second, experiments can also be useful in evaluating the role of the audience.


The Politics of Insecurity: Origins, core assumptions, and variants. Origins, Core Assumptions, and Variants. Revisiting the normative debate over normal versus extraordinary politics”. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references quick guideor an abbreviated title.

These examples illustrate that more research is needed, not only on which types of support impact the outcome of securitizing moves, but also on how, to whom, and in which circumstances they do so.

Our objective was to propose ways in eecuritization experiments can be applied in securitization research.

For instance, an experiment could be conducted in which the same securitizing message delivered by the same securitizing actor in a seucritization video clip identical securitiaation of securitization exposure is conveyed with either graphic content in one experimental condition or only nonshocking content in the other condition. Illocutionary Logic and Strands of Securitization: How strong exactly is this power?

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One scenario used a text securitizatioh of quantitative securitizzation whereas the other one used the exact same text but replaced each quantitative statement by its best qualitative equivalent.

We agree with Van Rythoven when he argues that this question has not yet been successfully investigated because securitization research is biased toward the idea that securitizing moves are almost automatically successful. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. For a critical researcher, the issue is central because it is difficult to study security policies and practices without dealing, for instance, with the following questions: Are the strategies theoory equal strength, merit and ethical status?

See Baele for suggestions on how other quantitative methods and techniques such as automated language use analysis, mass content analysis, or network analysis could also contribute to the development of securitization theory.

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