Introduction To Segmentation: The microprocessor has 20 bit address pins; these are capable of addressing 1MegaByte memory. Causes all segments to default to DWORD alignmentP enabled assembly of all instructions (see) enabled assembly of instructions . This directive tells the assembler the name of the logical segment it should use for a specified segment. For example ASSUME CS:CODE, tells.

Author: Meztikree Kagagul
Country: Portugal
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 16 June 2007
Pages: 393
PDF File Size: 5.17 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.31 Mb
ISBN: 249-9-99649-331-9
Downloads: 78332
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardasar

DW — Define Word. The works directly with only 4 physical segments: Assembler Memory models Each model defines the way that a program is stored in the memory system.

Macro Assembler Directives

Directives Also called as pseudo operations that control the assembly process. A carriage return is required after the END directive. These types of hints are given to the assembler using qssembler predefined alphabetical strings called assembler directives, which helps the assembler to correctly understand the assembly language program to prepare the codes.

These operators represent arithmetic addition and subtraction respectively. Offset Of A Label: It consists of the entire instruction set of Link list 2 Automata Languages and Computation.

They indicate how an operand or section of a program to be processed by the assembler. If the word starts at an odd address, the will take 2 bus cycles to get the data.

ALIGN- This directive will tell the assembler to align the next instruction on an directivez which corresponds to the given value. This method of specifying jump address saves memory. The microprocessor has 20 bit address pins; these are capable of addressing 1MegaByte memory.


Write short notes on assembler directives

Like Us On FaceBook! Define Quad word [DQ]- This directive is used to tell the assemvler to declare variable 4 words in length or to reserve 4 words of storage in memory. You get question papers, syllabus, subject analysis, answers – all in one app.

The ASSUME directive is used to inform the assembler, the names of the logical segments to be assumed for different segments used in the program. The assembler will ignore any statements after an END directive, so you should make sure to use only one END directive at the very end of your program module. INCLUDE- This directive is used to tell the assembler to insert a block of source code from the named file into the current source module.

The started segment is also assigned a name, i. Assembler directives- These are the statements that direct the assembler to do something. The DW directive serves the same purposes as the DB directive, but it makes the assembler reserves the number of memory words 16bit instead of bytes.

Newer Post Older Post Home.

GROUP This directive is used directtives group the logical segments named after the directive into one logical group segment. Byte Length Of A Label: Each time the assembler finds the name in the program, it will replace the name with the value or symbol you given to that name.


Assembler Directives & Macros

DB — Define Byte. This directive is used to define a variable of type quadword or to reserve storage location of type quadword in memory. It is necessary to do this in any instruction where the type of the operand is not clear.

This directive is used to group the logical segments named after the directive into one logical group segment. Categories Automata Languages and Computation. If the ISR in service b For example, if you want asse,bler call a procedure, which in a program module assembled at a different time from that which contains the CALL instruction, you must tell the assembler that the procedure is external.

Each memory model has various limitations depending on the maximum space available for code and data. DB — Define Byte This directive is used to direcfives a byte type variable or to store a byte in memory location. A series of words can be read much more quickly if they are at even address.