Anthropologie Structurale [C Levi-Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This reissue of a classic will reintroduce readers to Lévi-Strauss’s understanding of man and society in terms of individuals—kinship, social organization, religion. Get this from a library! Anthropologie structurale.. [Claude Lévi-Strauss].
|Published (Last):||27 July 2017|
|PDF File Size:||2.88 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.65 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social.
Structural anthropology – Wikipedia
Others, for example Godelier, critiqued structuralism’s synchronic approach that led it to be essentially ahistorical. This type of anthropology, developed by late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century scholars, was eventually called “de Leidse Richting,” or “de Leidse School,”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues.
Retrieved from ” https: Roman Jakobson and others analysed sounds based on the presence or absence of certain features, such as “voiceless” vs. The Yanomami fit very well into the alliance theory mold, while the Tallensi or Azande do not. Only those who practice structural analysis are aware of what they are actually trying to do: Another concept was borrowed from the Prague school of linguisticswhich employed so-called binary oppositions in their research.
In his most popular work, The Raw and the Cookedhe described folk tales of tribal South America as related to one another through a series of transformations—as one opposite in tales here changed into its opposite in tales there. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
Social relationships are therefore based on exchange; Durkheimian solidarity, according to Mauss, is best achieved through structures of reciprocity and related systems of exchange.
Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. The marriage system was quite messy and the chance of it breaking down increased with the number of groups involved. In reality, the system was strongly unbalanced with built-in status differences between wife-givers and wife-takers. His model explained practices that were not observed.
Levi Strauss Anthropologie Structurale, 1958
Boyer pointed out that experimental research on concepts in psychology have not supported a structuralistic view of concepts, but rather a theory-oriented or prototype-based view. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.
African tribal societies employ descent as their primary organizational principle. Gifts are not merely physical, incidental objects; they possess cultural and spiritual properties.
Lists Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations. BatakMinangkabauMoluccasetc. Structures are universal; their realization is culturally specific. This was long before structuralism.
Consequently, the last wife-taking group in the chain is strucgurale inferior to the first wife-giving group to which it is supposed to give its wives.
Continued restricted exchange means that the two lineages marry together. Overall, some lineages would accumulate more wives and material wealth than others, meaning that the system was not driven primarily by reciprocity. Mythology see his several-volume Mythologies unites opposites in diverse ways. Saussure argued that linguists needed to move beyond the recording of parole strructurale speech acts and come to an understanding of languethe grammar of each language.
Gift exchanges, therefore play a crucial role in creating and maintaining social relationships by establishing bonds of obligations. By overstressing the structural significance of affinal ties, alliance theory effectively neglected the importance of descent and genealogical ties.
Hegel explains that every situation presents two opposing things and their resolution; Fichte had termed these ” thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Through the gift, the givers give part of themselves, imbuing the gift a certain power that compels a response. Descent theory and alliance theory therefore look at two sides of one coin: According to Leach, in Kachin reality instabilities arose primarily from competition for bridewealth. Accordingly, he grouped all possible kinship systems into a scheme containing three basic kinship structures constructed out of two types of exchange.
Leach was more concerned with researching people’s actual lives than with the discovery of universal mental structures. He showed too that the ways people initially categorized animals, treesand other natural features, were based on a series of oppositions.
Moreover, it is not just the nuclear family as such, but alliances between families that matter in regard to the creation of social structures, reflecting the typical structuralist argument that the position of an element in the structure is more significant than the element itself. The structures that form the “deep grammar” of society originate in the mind and operate unconsciously albeit not in a Freudian sense.
This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat Kuper allowed that exchange was the universal form of marriage, but there could be other significant factors. However, matrilateral generalised exchange poses a risk as group A depends on receiving a woman from a group that it has not itself given a woman to, producing a less immediate obligation to reciprocate compared to a restricted exchange system.
Exogamy promotes inter-group alliances and forms structures of social networks. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
He found that the latter’s analysis of the Kachin contained serious flaws. For example, as the title implies, raw becomes its opposite cooked.
Anthropologie structurale – Claude Lévi-Strauss – Google Books
These tribal societies are made up of multiple moieties that often split up, rendering them comparatively unstable. Generalised exchange is more integrative but contains an implicit hierarchy, as e. Social structures mirror cognitive structures, meaning that patterns in social interaction can be treated as their manifestations. While part of his analysis of the Kachin was simply based on incorrect ethnographic information, the rest reflected Kachin ideology but not actual practice.
Culture, he claimed, has to take into account both life and death and needs to have a way of mediating between the two. Key theories Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.